A Permanent Account Number or PAN, as it is commonly known, is not just for individuals but for companies as well. PAN is for all taxpayers living in the country, be it an individual, a partnership, or a company. Furthermore, it also acts as identity proof.
Which businesses require a PAN card?
Any individual or corporate involved in business in India requires a PAN card. Be it an Indian company or a foreign company, you need to get registered and have a PAN card.
Also, if your company is generating money from outside India but was registered in India or has a permanent establishment or even a simple office in India, you need a PAN card.
If you come under any of the following entities, then you should be having a PAN card to deal in any kind of business.
Association of persons
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)
Body of Individuals
Foreign institutional investor
Why should your company have a PAN Card?
Your company‟s PAN card is of huge significance as every transaction will go through this number. It also helps in identifying the tax flow of your company. Additionally, even if you are not eligible to pay tax under income tax benefits given to start-ups, you still need a PAN card if you are earning money.
The following are the reasons why your company needs it:
For any tax-related transactions and documentation, you need to quote your PAN. By giving this number, the Income Tax Department can track your transactions. It is important that you have this so that no trouble comes your way
If you are a foreign company, you need to have a PAN to operate in India. Otherwise, the government can charge you the highest possible tax rates
The PAN helps you in the payment of your invoices without deduction, filing of tax returns, remittances, and much more
If you need a TRN (Tax Registration Number), a PAN is a must
According to the amendments made under Section 206AA in 2009, every foreign company must have its own PAN to continue with any business with a company in India or inside the country. All kinds of entities are included in this
The Indian government has the right to charge you 30% or more of your invoiced payments in case you do not have a PAN
How to apply for a PAN Card for your Business
You can apply for a PAN card through the online route through the NSDL website or do it via the offline method.
The online method
You need to visit the NSDL website and fill the Form 49A from the drop-down menu
For the option of ˜Application Type‟, fill the form listed under ˜Firm‟. Fill in all the details like company name, date of application, and so on
Post this, you need to fill in the income details and company registration number. You also need to fill in the communication address
Fill in the Assessing Officer code (AO Code). If you do not know it, you can find it in the AO Code Search Panel on the NSDL website
You need to upload copies of the required documents and pay the said fees. Certificate of Incorporation and Address proof are the two most important copies of information
Upon following all the steps, you will get an acknowledgment number through which you can track the details of progress regarding your PAN Card
You then need to send a signed acknowledgment form to the NSDL head office within 15 days
The offline method
You first need to download the Form 49A from the NSDL website and then print it
Fill the form as per the requirements and attach all the necessary documents
You need to submit the form and documents to the nearest NSDL centre. If you do not know a centre near you, you may find it on the website
The centre will issue a letter of acknowledgement as a proof to the fact that you have submitted your details and documents
Upon thorough verification of your details, you will receive the PAN card at the mentioned company address. The cost of this whole procedure costs you just 100/-
For an Indian company
An identity or address proof
A copy of the Certificate of Incorporation
A copy of a No Objection Certificate issued by MCA (Ministry of Corporate Affairs)
A copy of the registration certificate issued by Indian officials to setup an office in India
A copy of the certificate of registration from the applicant‟s native country, duly attested by “Apostille” or by the Indian Embassy or High Commission or even by authorised officials of overseas branches of scheduled banks registered in India
Furthermore, you need a bank draft that will be used to pay the issuance fee to the Tax Department to get a PAN card. Make sure that the payment is done in INR. You can also draw a foreign currency draft in favour of NSDL.
If your ID proofs and company-related documents are all correct, the whole process does not even take a month. You can easily acquire the PAN card for your company and indulge in business in a smooth manner.
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